ABU RAIHAN AL-BIRUNI. ( A.D.). Abu Raihan Mohammad Ibn Ahmad al-Biruni was one of the well-known figures associated with the court of King. celebrating the anniversary of Abu Raihan Al-Biruni, a Muslim scholar often regarded as one of the greatest scientists of the medieval Islamic. Abu Raihan al-Biruni () was an Iranian scholar and polymath from Khwarezm — a region which encompasses modern-day western.

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Al-birjni book discusses several theorems of astronomy, trigonometry, solar, lunar, and planetary motions and relative topics. However, he lived well into his seventies, and, since some of his surviving works are not mentioned in this index, the index is a partial list at best. At the end of this book he makes a mention of having translated two Sanskrit books into Arabic, one called Sakayawhich deals with the creation of things and their types, and the second, Al-blruni dealing with what happens after the spirit leaves the body.

During this time he wrote his study of India, finishing it around Nevertheless, he managed to become the most original polymath the Islamic world had ever known.

Mathematics in the 10th century Uzbek culture In Uzbekistan: Instead, he decided to document the more civilian and scholarly areas of Hindu life such as culture, science, and al-iruni. In the latter work, for example, is the most elaborate treatment of the Jewish calendar —more extensive than any surviving medieval Hebrew source and much more scientifically reasoned than any other treatment that this calendar had received up to that time.



Encyclopedia of the History of Arabic Science. Al-Biruni divides Hindus into an educated and an uneducated class. According to Akbar S. Robarts — University of Toronto.

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Remembering Al-Biruni – the first anthropologist : House of Wisdom

This section’s use of external links may not follow Wikipedia’s policies or guidelines. The Iranian scholar al-BIruni says that the Khwarazmian era began when the region was first settled and cultivated, this date being placed in the early 13th-century BC Frye, Richard Nelson February The classical results of Archimedes in the theory of the centre of gravity were generalized and applied to three-dimensional bodies, the theory of ponderable lever was founded and the ‘science of gravity’ was created and later further developed in medieval Europe.

The phenomena of statics were studied by using the dynamic approach so that two trends — statics and dynamics — turned out to be inter-related within a single science, mechanics. He was also an avid scholar of religions and studied several different ones objectively. Most scholars, including al-Biruni, were taken to Ghazni, the capital of the Ghaznavid dynasty. In addition to this type of influence, Al-Biruni was also influenced by other nations, such as the Greeks, who he took inspiration from when he turned to studies of philosophy.

There he wrote his first important work, al-Athar al-Baqqiya ‘an al-Qorun al-Khaliyya literally: We welcome suggested improvements to any of our articles. Their court at Gorganj also in Khwarezm was gaining fame for its gathering of brilliant scientists.

Over time, Al-Biruni won the welcome of Hindu scholars. The dispassionate account of Hinduism given by Al-Biruni was remarkable for its time. The stones adorning the hilt and scabbard of the sword have talismanic significance.


By using this aal-biruni, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. He gave a clear account of Hindu numerals, elaborating the principle of position.

Your contribution may be further edited by our staff, and its publication is subject to our final approval. His underlying concept was that all cultures are at least distant relatives of all other cultures because they are all human constructs.

Al-Biruni collected books and studied al-birni these Hindu scholars to become fluent in Sanskrit, discover and translate into Arabic the mathematics, science, medicine, astronomy and other fields of arts as practiced in 11th-century India. He served more than six different princes, all of whom were known for their bellicose activities and a good number of whom met their ends in violent deaths.

Biruni documented al-birunni about India just as it happened. Adding all the titles in the index, as well as those found later, brings his total production to titles, each averaging about 90 folios.

Additionally, he chronicled stories of Indian rulers and told of how they ruled over their people with their beneficial actions and acted in the interests of the nation. Biruni also employed astronomy in the determination of his theories, which were complex mathematical equations and scientific calculation that allows one to convert dates and years between the different calendars.

The Venture of Islam: Pingree, David February 1, Reading in Indian history.

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